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Readers ask: What government agency is responsible for the Aral Sea?

In the early 1960s, the Soviet government decided that the two rivers that fed the Aral Sea, the Amu Darya in the south and the Syr Darya in the northeast, would be diverted to irrigate the desert, in order to attempt to grow rice, melons, cereals, and cotton.

Who is responsible for the Aral Sea?

By establishing a program to promote agriculture and especially that of cotton, Soviet government led by Khrouchtchev in the 1950s deliberately deprived the Aral Sea of its two main sources of water income, which almost immediately led to less water arriving to the sea.

Who is to blame for the Aral Sea shrinking?

Formerly the fourth largest lake in the world with an area of 68,000 km2 (26,300 sq mi), the Aral Sea began shrinking in the 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects.

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Who and what was responsible for the loss of 90% of the Aral Sea’s water?

The Aral Sea in the Soviet Union, formerly the world’s fourth largest lake in area, is disappearing. Between 1960 and 1987, its level dropped nearly 13 meters, and its area decreased by 40 percent. Recession has resulted from reduced inflow caused primarily by withdrawals of water for irrigation.

What country owns the Aral Sea?

Mimicking the shape of a splintered number eight, the North Aral Sea – the top half of the body of water – lies in Kazakhstan. The South Aral Sea, which consist of a strip of water in the west and a dried-out basin in the east, sits in Uzbekistan. In the 1990s, both bodies of water seemed headed for similar outcomes.

Where is the Caspian Sea?

Caspian Sea, Russian Kaspiyskoye More, Persian Darya-ye Khezer, world’s largest inland body of water. It lies to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia. The sea’s name derives from the ancient Kaspi peoples, who once lived in Transcaucasia to the west.

What happened to the Aral Sea quizlet?

What happened to the Aral Sea? Until the 1960s, the Aral Sea was fed by two rivers, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, which brought snowmelt from mountains to the southeast, and local rainfall. But in the 1960s the Soviet Union diverted water from the two rivers into canals to supply agriculture in the region.

What is the primary reason for the shrinking of the Aral Sea quizlet?

What is the primary reason for the shrinking of the Aral Sea? Large-scale irrigation projects implemented by the Soviets in the 1950s have diverted water from the two rivers that feed the sea.

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What is the main cause of the shrinkage of the Aral Sea?

Beginning about 1960, the Aral Sea’s water level was systematically and drastically reduced, because of the diversion of water from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers for purposes of agricultural irrigation. The Aral Sea began to quickly shrink because of the evaporation of its now unreplenished waters.

What crop caused the Aral Sea to decrease?

The world’s fourth largest lake in 1960, the Aral Sea has already shrunk to half its former size – a result of unsustainable cotton cultivation that began less than 40 years ago. But though the sea itself can no longer be saved, its toxic salt plains have paradoxically given rise to a new spirit in the region.

What specifically caused the Aral Sea disaster?

The Aral Sea disaster was caused by human mismanagement of a natural resource. In the beginning, the Soviet Union simply did not care, and the Aral Sea was one of many Soviet projects with the stated goal of taming nature.

Why have many experts decided that the Aral Sea might be beyond saving?

Sample answer: Because the Aral Sea has shrunk by approximately 90 percent since the 1960s, many people believe the damage is probably irreversible. The salinity of the water has increased so drastically that almost all the natural plants and animals living in and around the sea have died off.

What sea is drying up in Russia?

As the Aral Sea has dried up, fisheries and the communities that depended on them collapsed. The increasingly salty water became polluted with fertilizer and pesticides. The blowing dust from the exposed lakebed, contaminated with agricultural chemicals, became a public health hazard.

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Does Kazakhstan exist?

Kazakhstan is the largest country in Central Asia and the ninth largest in the world. The capital is Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana, Aqmola, and Tselinograd), in the north-central part of the country. Kazakhstan, formerly a constituent (union) republic of the U.S.S.R., declared independence on December 16, 1991.

Why we destroyed the 4th largest lake?

The Aral Sea was, once upon a time, the fourth largest lake on the planet. But, since the 1960s, the lake has been shrinking. Rather, the Soviets began diverting water from the lake to irrigate cotton, a program designed to pump money into the Soviet economy.

What is the problem with the Aral Sea?

The change in water quality in the Aral Sea basin reduced the number of fish in the river and in the sea, and destroyed most of fauna (2,3). International experts confirm that most water sources in Karakalpakstan are polluted, and that the pollution is mainly caused by the agro-industry and mining industries.

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