Deep structures are generated by phrase-structure rules, and surface structures are derived from deep structures by a series of transformations.
- 1 What do phrase structure rules represent?
- 2 What is deep structure of language?
- 3 What is phrase structure grammar How does it help in analysis of sentence?
- 4 What is deep and surface structure in grammar?
- 5 Which of the following is an example of deep structure ambiguity?
- 6 What are the limitations of phrase structure grammar?
- 7 What is deep structure in SAP ABAP?
- 8 What are transformational rules?
- 9 What are the advantages of understanding the phrase structure grammar?
- 10 Why are rules important in generating tree diagrams?
- 11 What is the difference between phrase structure grammar and transformational grammar?
- 12 Does movement happen at surface or deep structure?
- 13 What does Chomsky mean deep structure in transformational grammar?
- 14 Who claimed that Behaviourism could not account for the difference between the deep and surface structure of language?
What do phrase structure rules represent?
Phrase structure rules are a type of rewrite rule used to describe a given language’s syntax and are closely associated with the early stages of transformational grammar, proposed by Noam Chomsky in 1957.
What is deep structure of language?
The deep structure of a linguistic expression is a theoretical construct that seeks to unify several related structures. For example, the sentences “Pat loves Chris” and “Chris is loved by Pat” mean roughly the same thing and use similar words.
What is phrase structure grammar How does it help in analysis of sentence?
“The underlying structure of a sentence or a phrase is sometimes called its phrase structure or phrase marker…. Phrase-structure rules provide us with the underlying syntactic structure of sentences we both produce and comprehend…. “There are different types of phrase-structure grammar.
What is deep and surface structure in grammar?
The terms deep structure and surface structure were introduced by Noam Chomsky as a part of his work on transformational grammar. As per Chomsky deep structure refers to concepts, thoughts, ideas & feelings whereas surface structure refers to the words / language we use to represent the deep structure.
Which of the following is an example of deep structure ambiguity?
A widely-cited example of deep structure ambiguity is the sentence ” The mayor ordered the police to stop drinking,” which can mean either “The Mayor ordered the police to cease drinking” or • ‘The mayor ordered the police to prevent drinking”. Under the meaning associated with the first paraphrase.
What are the limitations of phrase structure grammar?
It accounts for intra-sentence constituent relations, such as active-passive, declarative-interrogative and affirmative-interrogative. It cannot adjunct, delete and permute. It can neither solve the ambiguities nor explicate all grammatical relations. Despite its rules of inference, binarity and inflexibility, etc.
What is deep structure in SAP ABAP?
Deep structures contain at least one deep component, at any nesting level. Possible deep components include strings, internal tables, boxed components, data references, or object references.
What are transformational rules?
Transformational rule is a rule that transforms syntactic structure. Deletion, Insertion, and movement are instances of transformational rules. S-structure is derived from d-structure by means of transformations, and Logical Form is derived from S-structure in a similar way.
What are the advantages of understanding the phrase structure grammar?
While phrase structure grammars are mainly used in syntax, they also play a role in other areas of linguistics: they provide a structural backbone for the compositional interpretation of sentences in Semantics and for identifying prosodic units in Phonology.
Why are rules important in generating tree diagrams?
Diagrams of rule trees enable users to visualize the logic of a large system of legal rules. Rules of law state the conditions (procedural and substantive) under which particular types of governmental action are justified.
What is the difference between phrase structure grammar and transformational grammar?
It has been noted that, whereas a phrase-structure grammar is one that consists entirely of phrase-structure rules, a transformational grammar (as formalized by Chomsky) includes both phrase-structure and transformational rules (as well as morphophonemic rules).
Does movement happen at surface or deep structure?
In syntax, we assume that every question starts out the same way that a sentence does in the Deep Structure (except for a feature on C), but that movement occurs when it transitions to Surface Structure.
What does Chomsky mean deep structure in transformational grammar?
deep structure A notion that is central to transformational grammar’s (Chomsky 1965) description of the syntax of natural language. Deep structure is where the predicate–argument relationships are expressed, and both relates the words of a sentence to its meaning and expresses grammatical generalizations.
Who claimed that Behaviourism could not account for the difference between the deep and surface structure of language?
Why is Chomsky called the “most influential figure in 20th century linguistics”? Chomsky is the most influential figure in linguistics because he argued that the behaviorists accounts of language were inadequate.