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Question: What are surgical retractors used for?

In varying forms, retractors are used to hold an incision open, hold back tissues or other objects to maintain a clear surgical field, or reach other structures. They can either be hand-held or self-retaining via a ratcheting mechanism.

What is the main purpose of retractors?

A retractor is a surgical instrument used to separate the edges of a surgical incision or wound, or to hold back underlying organs and tissues so that body parts under the incision may be accessed.

What are Balfour retractors used for?

The Instrument, the Name: The Balfour Retractor. Retractors are surgical instruments that are used to hold an incision or wound open during surgical procedures. They can be classified as hand-held retractors or self-retaining retractors. Hand-held retractors require an assistant to apply a force to hold apart tissues.

What surgical instrument is used to saw bones?

A bone cutter is a surgical instrument used to cut or remove bones. In addition to surgery, they are also used in forensics, torture, and dismemberment. Types of medical bone cutters include: Unpowered – Unpowered bone cutting implements include varieties of hacksaw and sabre saw.

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What are the instrument used for surgery?

Cutting instruments include scissors, surgical blades, knives and scalpels. Grasping or holding instruments include hemostatic forceps and tissue forceps. Retractors, which hold incisions open or hold an organ (or tissue) out of the way, include Gelpi, Weitlaner and US Army style instruments.

What is a curette used for?

Curettes. Curettes are used primarily for the treatment of benign or low-grade malignant tumors and for debulking tumors prior to Mohs micrographic surgery. They come in many handle styles with either round or oval heads of varying sizes from 1 mm to 9 mm (Fig. 4.8).

Why are surgical tools important?

Surgical instruments are tools that allow surgeons to open the soft tissue, remove the bone, dissect and isolate the lesion, and remove or obliterate the abnormal structures as a treatment. Bigger tools are used for the initial exposure, and finer ones are used once the delicate structures are encountered.

What is a Kelly forceps?

Kelly forceps (also known as Mosquito or Rochester forceps) are a type of hemostat usually made of stainless steel. They resemble a pair of scissors with the blade replaced by a blunted grip. They also feature a locking mechanism to allow them to act as clamps.

What is Kelly retractor?

Kelly Retractor has a right-angled blade that has a bent crescent-shaped lip. This retractor is commonly used to pull back, or retract, the edges of wounds in order to expose the surgical area. The Kelly Retractor is available with a grip handle, a lamb handle, or a standard hollow loop handle.

What are mosquito forceps used for?

n. A small, straight or curved hemostatic forceps used to hold delicate tissue or compress a bleeding vessel.

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How many types of retractors are there?

The two basic types of retractors are the hand-held and the self-retaining forms. The hand-held retractors allow an assistant to move tissue out of the way of the surgical instruments and protect the vital structures during the procedure.

What is a Richardson in surgery?

Abstract. Vaginopexy according to Williams and Richardson is an abdominal colposuspension by strips from external oblique aponeurosis.

What is a common retractor used in a total knee replacement?

The Gillinov – Maze Retractor is the preferred attachment used with a self-retaining mitral retractor such as the Cosgrove Mitral Heart Retractor.

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