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FAQ: What makes up an AC unit?

A standard air conditioner or cooling system uses a specialized chemical called refrigerant, and has three main mechanical components: a compressor, a condenser coil and an evaporator coil. These components work together to quickly convert the refrigerant from gas to liquid and back again.

What are the 4 main components of an AC system?

In reality, the average air conditioner can be broken down into four main components: the evaporator coil, compressor, condenser coil, and expansion valve. Each component plays a unique role in helping your central air conditioner provide cooling comfort for your home.

What are the three main parts of an AC?

Most air conditioners have three major parts: the compressor, the condenser, and the evaporator. These parts work together to cool the air. Hence, the repair costs for these are also quite high, and DIY-repairing them is not at all advisable.

What are the five basic parts of air conditioning system?

An air conditioner has 5 main parts:

  • Refrigerant. Refrigerant (also known as coolant or by its brand name Freon®) is a special fluid that is vital to cooling and freezing technology.
  • Compressor.
  • Condenser Coil.
  • Expansion Valve.
  • Evaporator Coil.
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What part of an AC unit is inside?

Essentially, an AC is divided into two main parts: one half inside of your home containing an evaporator coil and a filter, and an outer half with a condensing coil, fan and compressor.

What is the name of AC parts?

There are obviously more than four parts that make up your air conditioner, but so as not to overwhelm you, these are the four critical ones you should know about: the evaporator, condenser, compressor, and expansion valve. The evaporator is located in the cold side of the air conditioner.

Where is the evaporator coil located?

Inside the home, the evaporator coil, sometimes referred to as the cooling coil, is located on the air intake side of the fan coil or the outlet side of the furnace. Its job is to remove heat from indoor air so the blower fan can return cool, refreshing air to the home.

Where is the Freon in an air conditioner?

Most refrigerant lines run from the condenser, which sits outside your air conditioning system (and probably outside your house), to the evaporator inside the house. The refrigerant lines are covered with insulation. If the insulation looks worn, your air conditioner is not working as efficiently as it can be.

What is the outside AC unit called?

The outside unit of an air conditioning system is often called the condenser unit because the condenser plays a key role in how it works. Check out all of the most important parts.

Which gas is used in AC?

Freon is a non-combustible gas that is used as a refrigerant in air conditioning applications. This freon undergoes an evaporation process over and over again to help produce cool air that can be circulated throughout your AC system.

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What does the capacitor do in an AC unit?

The main job of capacitors is to store electrons to provide start-up energy for your air conditioner, they build up a charge when electricity runs through them by swapping electrons between the two conductive plates inside. Because of their capacitors, air conditioners do a little magic trick every time they start up.

What are the 2 parts of an AC system?

Central air conditioning systems utilize two main components: an outdoor condenser and an indoor evaporator.

What part of an AC unit cools the air?

The Evaporator You can thank your evaporator for delivering your cool air during hot summers. The evaporator uses pressure to convert the liquid refrigerant into gas. A fan then blows the air that has been pumped in from your house over the cooling coils and back into your home.

What is a plenum box?

Plenum boxes are usually situated on either side of the fan or heat exchanger and have the important function of bringing in, distributing, and removing air. They are the air’s first stop after being heated or cooled and its last stop before going back into your AC, heat pump, or furnace.

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