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Readers ask: What is a commercial dog breeder?

Generally, though not always, a commercial dog breeder is defined as someone who breeds a large number of dogs (usually 20 or more) within a certain time frame (usually 12 months). This definition does not typically include a person who breeds a litter or two every year as a hobby (usually termed a “hobby breeder”).

What is a commercial breeder?

Commercial breeder is defined as “ any person who, during any twelve month period, maintains thirty or more adult female dogs for the primary purpose of the sale of their offspring as companion animals.” VA st.

Are commercial breeders bad?

Commercial breeders have garnered a negative reputation, seeing as current federal law allows dogs in commercial kennels to live their entire lives in vertically stacked chicken wire crates. Female dogs may be bred repeatedly without regard for genetic quality of the offspring, leading to the concentration of

What is a commercial dog?

Commercial dog breeders breed and produce dogs for profit. They are in the business to make money by breeding dogs. Dogs that are bred purely for profit are at risk of not being bred responsibly, humanely, knowledgeably or compassionately.

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Are all commercial dog breeders puppy mills?

It is not a legal term defined by state or federal law. Puppy mill dogs are typically obtained from pet stores or the Internet. Generally speaking, pet store puppies tend to come from USDA licensed breeders, and several states have laws that specifically prohibit pet stores sourcing from unlicensed breeders.

What is the difference between a puppy farm and a breeder?

A puppy farm is where multiple dogs are continually bred and the puppies sold. They are kept in poor conditions as the ‘breeders’ don’t care for their health and happiness. They are very different to reputable breeders. Some puppy farms will also have dogs brought in from other countries overseas.

How can you tell the difference between a puppy mill and a breeder?

A good breeder will almost always have a lot of questions for you about why you’re interested in their breed and their dogs. They’ll want to know a lot about your lifestyle and will work to match you with the right dog. A puppy mill, meanwhile, will simply sell you a puppy for the right price.

Is it illegal to breed dogs and sell them?

When Gov. Jerry Brown signed AB 485 into law, California became the first state to ban commercially bred dogs, cats and rabbits. Under the new law, California pet shops are only allowed to sell animals from an animal shelter or rescue group.

Why breeding dogs should be illegal?

Breeding Trouble Inbreeding causes painful and life-threatening genetic defects in “purebred” dogs and cats, including crippling hip dysplasia, blindness, deafness, heart defects, skin problems, and epilepsy. Distorting animals for specific physical features also causes severe health problems.

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Is being a dog breeder profitable?

How much a dog breeding business can make depends on the quality of its dogs and how many litters it breeds in a year. A high-end breeder may have just four litters a year, but sell their dogs for $2,500 each. If each litter had six dogs, the business would have an annual revenue of $60,000.

How many dogs should a breeder have?

Generally, though not always, a commercial dog breeder is defined as someone who breeds a large number of dogs (usually 20 or more) within a certain time frame (usually 12 months). This definition does not typically include a person who breeds a litter or two every year as a hobby (usually termed a “hobby breeder”).

Is it illegal to sell puppies?

About fifteen of the twenty-eight states make it unlawful for any person to sell an underage puppy. States like Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania include adoption or any transfer of an underage puppy within their laws. The penalties for violation of these provisions vary.

How many litters can a dog have?

A dog is capable of having over ten litters in her lifetime, however, most dogs will not be able to produce this number of healthy litters and remain healthy herself. One obvious sign that a female should be retired is that her litter size drops drastically.

What is considered a puppy mill?

Puppy mills are facilities where dogs are forced to breed their whole lives until they are physically incapable. The facilities that are classified as puppy mills are kept in deplorable and unsanitary conditions, lack proper veterinary care for the dogs, yet often have USDA licenses.

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Is it bad to buy a dog from a breeder?

An amateur dog breeder is just as unethical as any puppy mill but on a smaller scale. And just like puppy mills, amateur breeders can breed dogs with health problems, passing along genes that cause suffering in litter after litter. These types of breeders may also cut costs by failing to provide proper veterinary care.

How many states are puppy mills illegal?

To date, 36 jurisdictions in California – including the cities of Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Diego and San Francisco – have enacted similar ordinances, and the signing of AB 485 makes California the first state in the nation to enact a statewide prohibition on pet store sales of dogs from puppy mills.

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