On the face, four main vessels arise from the trunk of the facial artery: the inferior labial artery, superior labial artery, lateral nasal branch (to the nasalis), and the angular artery.  The angular artery is the terminal segment of the facial artery.
- 1 What branch does the facial artery arise from?
- 2 What are the main arteries of the face?
- 3 What are the branches of maxillary artery?
- 4 What are the branches of external carotid artery?
- 5 Which branch of the facial artery supplies the medial angle of the orbit?
- 6 Which branch of the facial artery supplies blood to the side of the nose?
- 7 What is in the circle of Willis?
- 8 What is the transverse facial artery?
- 9 How do you remember the branches of the external carotid artery?
- 10 What is the origin of the facial artery?
- 11 How many veins are in the face?
What branch does the facial artery arise from?
The facial artery is a branch of the external carotid artery and crosses the mandible just anterior to the masseter muscle at a depression in the mandible termed the antegonial notch. The artery is located just anterior to the facial vein.
What are the main arteries of the face?
Arterial supply of the face and scalp comes explicitly from the external carotid artery. Three branches of the external carotid artery are mainly involved in this; facial artery, maxillary artery, and superficial temporal artery.
What are the branches of maxillary artery?
Five branches, each of which enters a bony foramen:
- deep auricular artery (enters squamotympanic fissure)
- anterior tympanic artery (enters squamotympanic fissure)
- middle meningeal artery (enters foramen spinosum)
- accessory meningeal artery (enters foramen ovale)
- inferior alveolar artery (enters mandibular foramen)
What are the branches of external carotid artery?
The branches of the external carotid artery can be subdivided into groups:
- arising from the carotid triangle. superior thyroid artery. ascending pharyngeal artery. lingual artery. facial artery. occipital artery.
- posterior auricular artery.
- terminal branches. (internal) maxillary artery. superficial temporal artery.
Which branch of the facial artery supplies the medial angle of the orbit?
One of the terminal branches of the ophthalmic artery, the frontal artery (arteria frontalis) leaves the orbit at its medial angle above the trochlea with the supratrochlear nerve, ascending on the forehead, and supplies the forehead and the scalp.
Which branch of the facial artery supplies blood to the side of the nose?
The lateral nasal artery is one of the arteries responsible for perfusing the nose. The lateral nasal artery branches from the facial artery and ascends the nose parallel to the ala of the nose. The lateral nasal artery travels toward the tip of the nose.
What is in the circle of Willis?
The Circle of Willis is the joining area of several arteries at the bottom (inferior) side of the brain. At the Circle of Willis, the internal carotid arteries branch into smaller arteries that supply oxygenated blood to over 80% of the cerebrum.
What is the transverse facial artery?
The transverse facial artery (TFA) is found in the lateral face and supplies the parotid gland and duct, facial nerve, facial muscles, and skin. It supplied the malar area, crossed the parotid duct, terminated as perforator, vasa nervorum, or artery to the parotid duct or muscle.
How do you remember the branches of the external carotid artery?
Mnemonics for the branches of the external carotid artery abound. Mnemonics
- S: superior thyroid artery.
- A: ascending pharyngeal artery.
- L: lingual artery.
- F: facial artery.
- O: occipital artery.
- P: posterior auricular artery.
- M: maxillary artery.
- S: superficial temporal artery.
What is the origin of the facial artery?
Facial artery was found originating from the external carotid artery just below the origin of maxillary artery within the parotid gland. Facial artery was descending along the posterior border of the mandible. On further tracing, artery turns forwards and medially along the lower border of the mandible.
How many veins are in the face?
9 Veins of the face: 1 = superficial temporal v.; 2 = supraorbital v.; 3 = supratrochlear v.; 4 = angular v.; 5 = superior ophthalmic v.; 6 = inferior oph thalmic v.; 7 = external nasal v.; 8 = infraorbital v.; 9 = superior labial v.; 10 = inferior labial v.; 11 = facial v.; 12 = cavernous sinus; 13 = pterygoid plexus;