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Often asked: What is the Crumhorn made of?

crumhorn, also spelled Krummhorn, (from Middle English crump: “crooked”), double-reed wind instrument that flourished between the 15th century and about 1650. It consists of a small boxwood pipe of cylindrical bore, curved upward at the lower end and pierced with finger holes like those of a recorder.

What was a unique fact about the Renaissance crumhorn?

The crumhorn was the most important double reed wind cap instrument in the sixteenth and early seventeenth century. Its name, of German origin, refers to its special shape with a curved lower end to the body. It is mainly associated with Germany, Italy and the Low Countries.

What type of music was the Crumhorn used for?

Despite its strange shape and the amusing reaction of listeners when the instrument is played poorly, the crumhorn played a serious role in all kinds of renaissance music ranging from dances and madrigals to church music.

Is the Crumhorn Haute or bas?

Medieval Musical Instruments – Crumhorn Terms of description were Bas instruments and Haut instruments.

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How is the Cornamuse played?

The Cornamuse is a straight instrument which utilises a double reed. Unlike a modern oboe player, the Cornamuse player does not hold the reed between their lips. Instead it is contained within a windcap. This diagram shows a double reed, as used in Cornamusen and Crumhorns, The reed is encased by it’s wooden windcap.

How does the Crumhorn produce sound?

The crumhorn is a capped reed instrument. Its construction is similar to that of the chanter of a bagpipe. A double reed is mounted inside a long windcap. Blowing through a slot in the windcap produces a musical note.

How does a Crumhorn work?

Crumhorn and cornamuse players blow into the wind cap for the reeds to vibrate, without touching them directly; bagpipers blow into the mouthpiece for the reeds to vibrate, without touching them directly, which also has the effect of filling the airbag to produce a continuous sound.

Are bagpipes woodwind?

Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.

How many reeds does a oboe have?

Conversely, while the oboe has no mouthpiece it does have two reeds -the oboe is a double-reed instrument. The shape of the bell is also quite different. The bell of an oboe does not extend as far as that of a clarinet, and it is also thicker.

Is a saxophone a reed instrument?

Making sound by vibrating the reed The sound of a saxophone is generated by vibrating the reed attached to the mouthpiece, which the player puts in his mouth. Instruments that make sound in this way are called reed instruments. The oboe and clarinet are also members of the reed instrument family.

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What are the instruments used in Baroque music?

Baroque orchestra instruments usually included:

  • strings – violins, violas, cellos and double basses.
  • woodwind – recorders or wooden flutes, oboes and bassoon.
  • brass – sometimes trumpets and/or horns (without valves)
  • timpani (kettledrums)
  • continuo – harpsichord or organ.

What family is the bassoon in?

Rising to popularity in the 16th century, the bassoon is a large woodwind instrument that belongs to the oboe family for its use of a double reed.

What were medieval instruments made of?

Medieval Percussion instruments Percussion instruments in medieval times were usually made of wood with some sort of animal skin tightly stretched over a hollow item of wood for example.

What does a shawm look like?

The shawm (/ʃɔːm/) is a conical bore, double-reed woodwind instrument made in Europe from the 12th century to the present day. The body of the shawm is usually turned from a single piece of wood, and terminates in a flared bell somewhat like that of a trumpet.

What does the cornamuse look like?

The cornamuse is a double reed instrument dating from the Renaissance period. It is similar to the crumhorn in having a windcap over the reed and cylindrical bore. Praetorius did not include a woodcut of the cornamuse, but his depiction of the bassanello has a single bore and double reed.

What does a serpent instrument sound like?

The sound of a serpent is somewhat akin to a modern French horn or a euphonium, and it is typically played in a seated position, with the instrument resting upright on the player’s thighs.

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