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Often asked: What are the institutions of the European Union?

EU Institutions

  • European Council. The European Council brings together the heads of state or government of every EU countr and decides on the political direction of the EU.
  • Council of the European Union.
  • European Commission.
  • European Parliament.
  • European Court of Justice.
  • Court of Auditors.
  • European Ombudsman.

What are the 4 main institutions of the EU?

The main European Institutions are: the European Council, the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament.

How many official institutions does the EU have?

The institutions of the European Union are the seven principal decision-making bodies of the European Union (EU).

What are the main functions of the EU institutions?

The European Union institutions produce the EU’s policies and oversee the management of its various programmes.

What are the 3 branches of the EU?

Like the United States, the EU has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

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What are the official institutions of the EU?

EU institutions and bodies in brief

  • European Parliament.
  • European Council.
  • Council of the European Union.
  • European Commission.
  • Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)
  • European Central Bank (ECB)
  • European Court of Auditors (ECA)
  • European External Action Service (EEAS)

What are the common European institutions?

EU Institutions

  • The European Parliament.
  • The European Council.
  • The Council of the European Union.
  • The European Commission.
  • The Court of Justice.
  • The European Central Bank.
  • The European Court of Auditors.
  • European External Action Service.

What is the most powerful EU institution?

The most powerful institution is the Council. The Commission has few powers of coercion, although its neutral role and the depth of specialised knowledge it has acquired over the years give it plenty of scope for persuasion.

What is the EU made up of?

From economic to political union The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War.

Which bodies and institutions are involved in EU treaty making?

According to Article 13 of the Treaty on European Union, the institutional framework comprises seven institutions:

  • the European Parliament.
  • the European Council.
  • the Council of the European Union (simply called ‘the Council’)
  • the European Commission.
  • the Court of Justice of the European Union.
  • the European Central Bank.

What are the roles and functions of the various EU institutions?

EU institutions are at the heart of the EU system, but national institutions also play key roles. Governments attend the European Council and the Council of the European Union, administrations and agencies implement and enforce EU policy, and parliaments and courts contribute to accountability and scrutiny.

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What is the function of the European Parliament?

The Parliament acts as a co-legislator, sharing with the Council the power to adopt and amend legislative proposals and to decide on the EU budget. It also supervises the work of the Commission and other EU bodies and cooperates with national parliaments of EU countries to get their input.

What is the European Union responsible for?

The EU contributes to the creation of more and better jobs across Europe, and aims for decent social standards for all its citizens, including through the €86.4 billion European Social Fund. Responsibility for employment policies and social affairs is shared between the EU and its Member States.

What is the executive branch of the EU?

The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, enforcing EU laws and directing the union’s administrative operations.

How is the EU government structure?

The EU treaties declare the Union to be based on representative democracy, and direct elections take place to the European Parliament. The Parliament, together with the Council, form the legislative arm of the EU. The Council is composed of state governments, thus representing the intergovernmental nature of the EU.

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