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FAQ: What the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan was like?

The Aztec built their capital city, Tenochtitlan, on Lake Texcoco. Tenochtitlan was laid out symmetrically, with four sectors separated by four causeways or canals surrounding the central area. This central area was where the temple of Huitzilopochtli, temples for other gods, and the rulers’ palaces lay.

How would you describe the Aztec capital?

Tenochtitlán, ancient capital of the Aztec empire. Located at the site of modern Mexico City, it was founded c. 1325 in the marshes of Lake Texcoco. It formed a confederacy with Texcoco and Tlacopán and was the Aztec capital by the late 15th century.

What best describes the Aztec center Tenochtitlan?

Tenochtitlán was an Aztec city that flourished between A.D. 1325 and 1521. Built on an island on Lake Texcoco, it had a system of canals and causeways that supplied the hundreds of thousands of people who lived there.

What was life in Tenochtitlan like?

The king of the Aztecs lived in a large palace with many rooms and gardens. All of the wealthy had a separate bathing room that was similar to a sauna or steam room. Bathing was an important part of the Aztec daily life. Poor people lived in smaller one or two room huts that had thatched roofs made from palm leaves.

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What was Tenochtitlan compared to?

Tenochtitlan (site now of Mexico City) Population: c. 200,000. By comparison: same size as Paris & Naples, the two largest European cities c. 1500 (roughly equivalent to contemporary Boise).

How did Cortes describe Tenochtitlan?

Bernal Diaz del Castillo, one of Cortés’ men, describes Tenochtitlán: When we saw all those cities and villages built on water; and the other great towns on dry land, and that straight and level causeway leading to Mexico, we were astounded.

How did the Aztecs get to Tenochtitlan?

Early on in the history of the city the Aztecs built causeways and canals for transportation to and from the city. A causeway is a raised road that allowed the people to easily travel over the swampy and wet areas. There were three major causeways that led from the island city to the mainland.

What was the Aztec geography like?

The Aztec civilization developed in the Valley of Mexico, wedged between high mountains and surrounded by lakes that provided fish, waterfowl, potable water and reeds for thatching and weaving. The climate was mild.

How did the Aztecs in Tenochtitlan adapt to their island location?

How did the Aztecs adapt to their island location? They built causeways from their island to the shore to make trade easier. It was safe from invaders because it was on an island, but it was difficult to trade from an island. The island was swampy with very little farm land and fresh water.

What best describes the city of Teotihuacan group of answer choices?

What best describes the city of Teotihuacan? The place of Gods, it’s Pyramid of the Sun rivalved the pyramids of Egypt, and the city’s architects are unknown. In which Aztec social class would you find farmers and merchants?

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What was the Aztec education like?

For the first 14 years of life, boys and girls were taught at home by their parents. After that, the boys attended either the noble school, called a calmecac, or the commoners’ school, the telpochcalli. Other athletically talented girls might be sent to the house of dancing and singing for special training.

What were Aztec homes like?

Most simple Aztec homes were built of adobe bricks, which are made using mud, sand, water and straw, then dried in the sun. There were no windows generally, and one open door. Wood for door jambs and support beams could be found outside the cities.

What did the Aztecs believe in?

The Aztecs had many gods but worshipped Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war, above all others. The Aztecs believed that they lived in the era of the fifth sun and that any day the world could end violently. In order to postpone their destruction and appease the gods, men performed human sacrifices.

Why was Tenochtitlan such a great capital?

In less than 200 years, it evolved from a small settlement on an island in the western swamps of Lake Texcoco into the powerful political, economic, and religious center of the greatest empire of Precolumbian Mexico. Tenochtitlan was a city of great wealth, obtained through the spoils of tribute from conquered regions.

What did the conquistadors think about Tenochtitlan when they arrived?

When Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Aztec imperial city in 1519, Mexico-Tenochtitlán was led by Moctezuma II. The city had prospered and was estimated to host a population of between 200,000 and 300,000 residents. At first the conquistadors described Tenochtitlán as the greatest city they had ever seen.

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What made Tenochtitlan unique?

The small natural island was perpetually enlarged as an artificial island as Tenochtitlan grew to become the largest and most powerful city in Mesoamerica. Commercial routes were developed that brought goods from places as far as the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Ocean and perhaps even the Inca Empire.

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