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Security Market Line = Risk-Free Rate + [Beta * (Expected Market Return – Risk-Free Rate)]

1. Risk-Free Rate – Current risk-free rate.
2. Beta – Beta of the security to the market.
3. Expected Market Return – Expected return of all risky assets.

## How do I create a security market line in Excel?

Highlight cells D2 through D4 and then click on the “Insert” tab. Click “Line” in the Graph section you will see your Security Market Line. Stocks that are above the line constitute a good risk. Stocks that fall below the line are a poor risk, according to the SML theory.

## How do you find the capital market line?

The Capital Market Line (CML) formula can be written as follows:

1. ERp = Rf + SDp * (ERm – Rf) /SDm
2. Suppose that the current risk-free rate is 5%, and the expected market return is 18%.
3. Calculation of Expected Return of Portfolio A.
4. Calculation of Expected Return of Portfolio B.

## What is the difference between capital market line and security market line?

Capital Market Line is a theoretical concept that represents all the portfolios that optimally combine the risk-free rate of return and the market portfolio of risky assets. Security Market Line measures the risk through beta, which helps to find the security’s risk contribution to the portfolio.

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## How do you calculate alpha?

Alpha is an index which is used for determining the highest possible return with respect to the least amount of the risk and according to the formula, alpha is calculated by subtracting the risk-free rate of the return from the market return and multiplying the resultant with the systematic risk of the portfolio

## How is CAPM calculated?

The capital asset pricing model provides a formula that calculates the expected return on a security based on its level of risk. The formula for the capital asset pricing model is the risk free rate plus beta times the difference of the return on the market and the risk free rate.

## What is the slope of security market line?

The slope of the security market line represents the market risk premium, i.e. the excess return over the market return. The market risk premium compensates for the additional systematic risk associated with the security.

## What capital market line shows?

The capital market line (CML) represents portfolios that optimally combine risk and return. It is a theoretical concept that represents all the portfolios that optimally combine the risk-free rate of return and the market portfolio of risky assets.

## Can you have a negative market risk premium?

Negative Risk Premium is entirely possible in the SML model when the beta of an asset is negative.

## Who initiated capital market line?

Capital Market Line is firstly initiated by William Sharpe. The capital market line (CML) represents portfolios that optimally combine risk and return.

## What does WRF 0.50 mean?

What does WRF = -0.50 mean? The investor can borrow money at the risk-free rate.

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## What is an optimal risky portfolio?

The optimal risky asset portfolio is at the point where the CAL is tangent to the efficient frontier. This portfolio is optimal because the slope of CAL is the highest, which means we achieve the highest returns per additional unit of risk.

## What does security market line mean?

The security market line (SML) is a line drawn on a chart that serves as a graphical representation of the capital asset pricing model (CAPM)—which shows different levels of systematic, or market risk, of various marketable securities, plotted against the expected return of the entire market at any given time.

## Can the Security Market Line have a negative slope?

The two curves are equivalent only if (i.e., portfolio i is perfectly correlated with the market portfolio); if, and E(Ri) is equal, the CML has a higher slope with respect to the SML; with, the SML will have a negative slope.

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