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Quick Answer: What is a participle and participial phrase?

A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun. A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).

What is an example of a participle phrase?

Usually, participial phrases modify the subjects of sentences, but sometimes they modify other nouns. For example: In the sentence, “ Wearing his new suit, Bill went to work,” the participial phrase wearing his new suit acts like an adjective to describe the subject of the sentence, Bill.

How do you identify a participle phrase in a sentence?

Key Points

  1. Use a participle phrase to say something about your subject before you’ve even mentioned your subject.
  2. Placed at the front of a sentence, a participle phrase is offset with a comma.
  3. A participle phrase placed immediately after the noun its modifying is not offset with commas (unless it’s nonessential).

What is an example of an introductory participial phrase?

Introductory Participial Phrase Examples and Usage A participial phrase is another form of verb phrase. Like an infinitive phrase, it may have a direct object. Like an infinitive phrase, always set this introductory phrase off with a comma: Having finished his lunch, Sam went back to working on his art project.

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What is participle preposition example?

A participial preposition is a participle (an -ed or –ing verb) that functions as a preposition. Some of the most common examples are assuming, barring, considering, during, given, notwithstanding, provided, regarding, and respected.

What does participle mean in grammar?

: a form of a verb that is used to indicate a past or ongoing action and that can be used like an adjective The word “smiling” in “the smiling child” is a participle.

What is the difference between participial phrase and gerund phrase?

A participial phrase uses an -ing verb as an adjective whereas a gerund phrase uses an -ing verb as a noun.

Do you need a comma before a participial phrase?

When a participial phrase is used at the end of a sentence, you should place a comma before the phrase if it modifies an earlier word in the sentence, but NOT if the phrase immediately follows the word it modifies.

What is the difference between participle phrase and participle clause?

We can use participle clauses when the participle and the verb in the main clause have the same subject. According to grammar.about.com: a participial phrase is a word group consisting of present/past participle plus any modifiers, objects, and complements.

How do you teach participles?

Use a more complicated example to show how a participle can be used with other words to form a participial phrase. For example, “The girl, smiling at the boy, was blushing.” Ask the students to identify the noun, the verb and the participle. Repeat this exercise with more examples using participial phrases.

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