Cost variance is the difference of earned value and actual cost. Schedule variance is the difference of earned value and **planned** value. If cost variance is negative then the project is over budget. If the schedule variance is positive then the project is ahead of schedule.

Contents

- 1 What is a schedule variance?
- 2 What is the difference between SV and CV?
- 3 What is cost variance?
- 4 What is considered cost variance in a construction contract?
- 5 What is schedule variance example?
- 6 Why is schedule variance useful?
- 7 What does it mean if CV is positive and SV is negative?
- 8 What is CV in budget?
- 9 What do cost variances measure?
- 10 What causes a cost variance?
- 11 What is the importance of cost variance?
- 12 What is the formula for the variance at completion?
- 13 How do you calculate total cost variance?
- 14 What does it mean if SPI is greater than one?

## What is a schedule variance?

Schedule variance is an indicator of whether a project schedule is ahead or behind. It is typically used within earned value management (EVM) to provide a progress update for project managers at the point of analysis.

## What is the difference between SV and CV?

– Cost Variance (CV): The CV is the difference between the earned value of the work performed and the executed budget (Actual Cost). – Schedule Variance (SV): The SV is the difference between the earned value of the work performed and the planned value of the work scheduled.

## What is cost variance?

Cost variance is the process of evaluating the financial performance of your project. Cost variance compares your budget that was set before the project started and what was spent. This is calculated by finding the difference between BCWP (Budgeted Cost of Work Performed) and ACWP (Actual Cost of Work Performed).

## What is considered cost variance in a construction contract?

Cost variance (also referred to as CV) is the difference between project costs estimated during the planning phase and the actual costs. In other words, it is how much actual costs vary from budgeted costs. Calculating cost variance is how project managers track expenses to see if a project is under or over budget.

## What is schedule variance example?

Schedule Variance (CV) Example An example of an SV is if it took a project four months to reach the mid-pointy but the scheduled amount of time was three months. The project had a schedule variance of one month. This is an unfavorable SV because the actual schedule is more than the planned schedule.

## Why is schedule variance useful?

As a means of judging a project’s progress and how well the initial project plan is being adhered to, Schedule Variance is one of the most useful and common metrics used. It can give quick insight into how well the project has performed so far and whether it is ahead of schedule or behind it.

## What does it mean if CV is positive and SV is negative?

SV is positive and CV is negative: The project is ahead of schedule but over budget. In other words, more tasks have been performed than were scheduled at this point, but the tasks that have been performed are over budget. SV is negative and CV is positive: The project is under budget but behind schedule.

## What is CV in budget?

Cost Variance (CV) indicates how much over or under budget the project is. Definition: Cost variance is the difference between the actual cost incurred and the planned/budgeted cost at a given time on a project.

## What do cost variances measure?

Cost variances are a measure in business finances that demonstrate the difference between the actual cost and the budgeted amount of spend for that instance. Cost variances are an integral part of the standard costing system.

## What causes a cost variance?

There are many possible reasons for cost variances arising due to efficiencies and inefficiencies of operations, errors in standard setting, changes in exchange rates etc.

## What is the importance of cost variance?

Why Is Cost Variance Important? Running a cost variance analysis is critical when evaluating any project or business, regardless of its field or industry, because it can reveal important information with regards to a project or period.

## What is the formula for the variance at completion?

You know that you need the formula VAC = BAC – EAC. Write it down. You have BAC, so ask yourself, “How do I determine EAC?” When a variance is expected to continue, you can determine EAC using the formula BAC/CPI.

## How do you calculate total cost variance?

Price variance is calculated by the following formula: Vmp = (Actual unit cost – Standard unit cost) * Actual Quantity Purchased. or. Vmp = (Actual Quantity Purchased * Actual Unit Cost) – (Actual Quantity Purchased * Standard Unit Cost).

## What does it mean if SPI is greater than one?

If the ratio has a value higher than 1 this indicates the project is progressing well against the schedule. If the SPI is 1, then the project is progressing exactly as planned. If the SPI is less than 1 then the project is running behind schedule.