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Question: What ethical theory supports the death penalty?

The utilitarianism theory would view capital punishment as moral. This is because utilitarianism looks at what would make the most people happy. Utilitarianism was founded by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. It is a consequentialistic theory of morality.

Does utilitarianism support death penalty?

More specifically, a utilitarian approach sees punishment by death as justified only if that amount of punishment for murder best promotes the total happiness, pleasure, or well-being of the society.

Which ethical theory could allow an innocent person to be executed if the execution would benefit society?

But deterrence theories could allow executing the innocent: if executing an innocent person would prevent future murders and authorities could keep her innocence secret, the benefits would plausibly outweigh the costs and deterrence theories would support killing her.

What ethical theory supports the death penalty?

A number of solid ethical theories have been proposed by scholars and philosophers over the years. This paper will make use of one of the most widely applied ethical theories, which is utilitarianism, to demonstrate that the death penalty is indeed justified.

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What argument would a utilitarian make in opposition to the death penalty?

What argument would a utilitarian make in opposition to the death penalty? It is cheaper to keep someone in prison for life than it is to kill them. The only punishment rationale acceptable to formalist thinkers is retribution.

What are the 4 ethical theories?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.

What are the 3 ethical theories?

These three theories of ethics ( utilitarian ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics ) form the foundation of normative ethics conversations.

What is utilitarianism theory?

Utilitarianism is a theory of morality that advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and oppose actions that cause unhappiness or harm. Utilitarianism would say that an action is right if it results in the happiness of the greatest number of people in a society or a group.

Why is the death penalty ethical?

Capital punishment is often defended on the grounds that society has a moral obligation to protect the safety and welfare of its citizens. Murderers threaten this safety and welfare. Only by putting murderers to death can society ensure that convicted killers do not kill again.

What is Bentham theory of utilitarianism?

Jeremy Bentham was a philosopher, economist, jurist, and legal reformer and the founder of modern utilitarianism, an ethical theory holding that actions are morally right if they tend to promote happiness or pleasure (and morally wrong if they tend to promote unhappiness or pain) among all those affected by them.

Which rationale for punishment is not acceptable to utilitarian ethics?

Which rationale for punishment is not acceptable to utilitarians? This occurs when offenders with similar histories commit similar crimes, but receive widely different sentences.

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What is the argument against capital punishment?

Execution of the innocent The most common and most cogent argument against capital punishment is that sooner or later, innocent people will get killed, because of mistakes or flaws in the justice system. Witnesses, (where they are part of the process), prosecutors and jurors can all make mistakes.

What would an act utilitarian do?

Act utilitarians believe that whenever we are deciding what to do, we should perform the action that will create the greatest net utility. In their view, the principle of utility—do whatever will produce the best overall results—should be applied on a case by case basis.

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