Chavín de Huántar was used as a site for ceremonies and events. It has also been suggested that it was a home for oracles. The site contains a number of major structures, including Temples A, B, and C, and areas and buildings designated as the Circular Plaza, the Old Temple, and New Temple.
- 1 What was the significance of the Chavin de Huantar?
- 2 What were the Chavín best known for?
- 3 What important developments does Chavin de Huantar represent in the history of indigenous civilizations?
- 4 What was the Lanzon Stela used for?
- 5 What was found at Chavín de Huántar?
- 6 What is Chavín de Huántar quizlet?
- 7 What did the Chavin eat?
- 8 What makes the Chavins unique in ancient history?
- 9 What did the Chavins and the Incas?
- 10 What influence did the Chavín have in the Andean region?
- 11 Why did the ancient Andean people make the pilgrimage to Chavín de Huántar?
- 12 What does the Lanzon represent?
- 13 Why was contour rivalry used in the Chavin relief sculptures?
What was the significance of the Chavin de Huantar?
Chavín de Huántar served as a gathering place for people of the region to come together and worship. The transformation of the center into a valley-dominating monument made it a pan-regional place of importance.
What were the Chavín best known for?
A civilization in the northern Andean highlands of Peru from 900-250 BCE, known for their construction of temples and their advancements in engineering and metallurgy.
What important developments does Chavin de Huantar represent in the history of indigenous civilizations?
The Chavín culture also demonstrated advanced skills and knowledge in metallurgy, soldering, and temperature control. They used early techniques to develop refined gold work. The melting of metal had been discovered at this point and was used as a solder. The people domesticated camelids such as llamas.
What was the Lanzon Stela used for?
Though it was made of terrestrial material, the Lanzón housed a celestial being, the people of Chavín even brought it offerings of food and ceramics. Furthermore, the central image of the Lanzon functions as axis mundi, or pivot linking the heavens, earth and underworld.
What was found at Chavín de Huántar?
Pottery was found in a wide variety of forms, including bottles and bowls, decorated with a wide range of distinctive elements. Findings at Chavín de Huántar indicate that social instability and upheaval began to occur between 500 and 300 B.C.E., at the same time that the larger Chavín civilization began to decline.
What is Chavín de Huántar quizlet?
It was the earliest Andean civilization. Extinct, the Chavín culture was also known as the Chavín Cult It flourished in the Andean region from 900-250 BCE.
What did the Chavin eat?
What did Chavin people eat? Chavin people also farmed corn, but they really ate mostly potatoes and quinoa, which grow better high in the Andes mountains. Hunters shot deer with spears and with bows and arrows. Herders kept guinea pigs for their meat.
What makes the Chavins unique in ancient history?
The unique geography of the Chavín site—near two rivers and also near high mountain valleys— allowed its residents to grow both maize, which thrived in the lowlands of the river valley, and potatoes, which grew best in the higher altitudes of the Andes Mountains.
What did the Chavins and the Incas?
What did the Chavíns and the Incas have in common? Both civilizations lived in the Andes Mountains. Both civilizations lived along the Gulf Coast. Both civilizations fell around 200 BCE.
What influence did the Chavín have in the Andean region?
What kind of influence did Chavin exert on the Andes region? Chavín-style architecture, sculpture, pottery, religious images, and painted textiles were widely imitated in the region. Chavín became a pilgrimage site and perhaps a training center for initiates from distant corners of the region.
Why did the ancient Andean people make the pilgrimage to Chavín de Huántar?
In this pre-Inca culture in Peru, the people wanted a center for religion and a cultural hub. The Chavín de Huántar was the place where people went on spiritual pilgrimages to find answers to their questions, heal themselves, or pray for a great harvest.
What does the Lanzon represent?
Lanzón means “great spear” in Spanish, in reference to the stone’s shape, but a better comparison would be the shape of the digging stick used in traditional highland agriculture. That shape would seem to indicate that the deity’s power was ensuring successful planting and harvest.
Why was contour rivalry used in the Chavin relief sculptures?
Contour rivalry means that the lines in an image can be read in multiple ways, depending on which way the object is being viewed, and in Chavín culture it is often used to enlighten those who can understand the iconography and exclude those who can not.