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FAQ: What does each subatomic particle determine for an atom?

Protons, neutrons and electrons make up the subatomic particles of an atom. The three subatomic particles determine the overall charge of an atom, the chemical characteristics it can possess and its physical properties.

What is the role of each subatomic particle?

The main three subatomic particles are Protons, electrons and neutrons. Protons, including neutrons, give the atom mass but are not involved in chemical reactions. The number of protons that an atom has is called the atomic number and determines the identity of the atom.

What subatomic particle defines an atom?

Particles that are smaller than the atom are called subatomic particles. The three main subatomic particles that form an atom are protons, neutrons, and electrons. The center of the atom is called the nucleus.

What subatomic particles determine the atomic number?

Atoms of each element contain a characteristic number of protons. In fact, the number of protons determines what atom we are looking at (e.g., all atoms with six protons are carbon atoms); the number of protons in an atom is called the atomic number. In contrast, the number of neutrons for a given element can vary.

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What subatomic particle or particles determine the charge of an atom?

Atoms contain negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons; the number of each determines the atom’s net charge.

What are 3 subatomic particles that make up an atom?

There are three subatomic particles: protons, neutrons and electrons. Two of the subatomic particles have electrical charges: protons have a positive charge while electrons have a negative charge. Neutrons, on the other hand, don’t have a charge.

What subatomic particles are responsible for the mass of an atom?

The majority of an atoms’ mass comes from the protons and neutrons that make up its nucleus. Electrons are the least massive of an atom’s constituent particles, with a mass of 9.11 x 1031 kg and a size too small to be measured by current techniques.

What subatomic particle determines the identity of an element?

The number of protons determines the element of the atom, the number of neutrons determines the isotope, and the number of electrons determines the ionization state. Answer 4: I would say the proton is the “boss,” since the number of protons determines the atomic number and therefore the chemical identity of the atom.

What are the subatomic particles of an atom quizlet?

Protons, neutrons, and electrons are the three main subatomic particles found in an atom.

What determines the type of atom?

The number of protons in the nucleus determines which element an atom is, while the number of electrons surrounding the nucleus determines which kind of reactions the atom will undergo.

How do we know about subatomic particles?

Subatomic particles include electrons, the negatively charged, almost massless particles that nevertheless account for most of the size of the atom, and they include the heavier building blocks of the small but very dense nucleus of the atom, the positively charged protons and the electrically neutral neutrons.

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