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FAQ: What is the purpose of the Pendleton Civil Service Act?

The Pendleton Act provided that Federal Government jobs be awarded on the basis of merit and that Government employees be selected through competitive exams. The act also made it unlawful to fire or demote for political reasons employees who were covered by the law.

What was the purpose of the Pendleton Act?

Following the assassination of President James A. Garfield by a disgruntled job seeker, Congress passed the Pendleton Act, establishing a merit-based system of selecting government officials and supervising their work.

What was the purpose of the Civil Service Act?

Legal Definition of Civil Service Act established the tradition and mechanism of permanent federal employment based on merit rather than on political party affiliation (the spoils system).

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What was the purpose of civil service reforms such as the Pendleton Service Act?

The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act provided for selection of some government employees by competitive exams rather than ties to politicians, and made it illegal to fire or demote some government officials for political reasons.

What was the purpose of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 quizlet?

The Pendleton Civil Service Act in 1883 was passed by Congress to prevent the constant reward to loyal party members. It established the principle of hiring federal employees on the basis of merit rather than political affiliation.

What is the Pendleton Act and why did it come to life?

What is the Pendleton Act and why did it come to life quizlet? The Pendleton Civil Service Act in 1883 was passed by Congress to prevent the constant reward to loyal party members. It established the principle of hiring federal employees on the basis of merit rather than political affiliation.

What was the impact of the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Act?

The Pendleton Act is a federal law passed in 1883 reforming the civil service and establishing the United States Civil Service Commission. It ended the spoils system of political patronage and established competitive examinations for hiring civil servants.

What did the Pendleton Act do quizlet?

The pendleton Act is known as the “Magna Carta” of civil service reform. it made compulsory campaign contributions from federal employees illegal, and established the civil service commission to make appointments to federal jobs on the basis of competitive exams rather than favors.

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What does service act mean?

To that end, Congress passed the Selective Service Act, which Wilson signed into law on May 18, 1917. The act required all men in the U.S. between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service. Within a few months, some 10 million men across the country had registered in response to the military draft.

How did the Pendleton Act reform the system of hiring?

How did the Pendleton Act reform the system of hiring and firing federal employees? It required hiring and firing decisions to be based on merit rather than partisan loyalty.

What was the effect of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act quizlet?

The Pendleton Civil Service Act, passed by Congress in 1882, created the Civil Service Commission to oversee competitive examinations for government positions. The act gave the commission jurisdiction over only 10 percent of federal jobs, though the president could expand the list.

What was the purpose of efforts at civil service reform during the late 1800s quizlet?

Congress took action in the late 19th century to protect ethical politicians and create standards for political service; including, a civil service test for those seeking a job in government.

What led to the call for civil service reform quizlet?

The assassination of President James Garfield in 1881 led to civil service reform. Vision of economic development of the South to mirror the industrial North. In the aftermath of the Civil War, Henry Grady, among others, promoted the virtues of a new industrial South.

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What is the Pendleton Act and why did it come to life quizlet?

The Pendleton Act of 1883 was the federal legislation that created a system in which federal employees were chosen based upon competitive exams. This made job positions based on merit or ability and not inheritance or class. It also created the Civil Service Commission.

What was the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act quizlet?

The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883 in an effort to ensure that employees of the federal government were given jobs based on merit rather than political affiliation. Its name referred to paper money, or “greenbacks,” that had been issued during the American Civil War and afterward.

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